Types of Tourism

Types of Tourism

Types of Tourism; many different types of tourism make up the industry. In this article, we have created an exhaustive list of more than 150 different types of tourism.

Along with each type of tourism, in this article, we have provided a brief explanation of what it is. But it doesn’t stop there… If you are interested in knowing more, click on the associated image, where we provide a deeper explanation and analysis of each form of tourism, along with many real examples.

This is the most complete list of the different types of tourism on the Internet.

Accessible Tourism

Accessible tourism is about making the sector accessible to everyone. The United Nations World Tourism Organization ( UNWTO ) states that accessibility for all tourism facilities, products, and services should be a central part of any responsible and sustainable tourism policy.

This includes making efforts to make tourism inclusive of people regardless of their physical limitations, disabilities, or age.

Adventure trip

Adventure tourism is one of the types of tourism that involves a certain degree of risk. It usually requires specialized skills or physical exertion. According to the Adventure Travel Trade Association, adventure travel includes activities that involve physical activity, cultural exchange, and connection with nature. Some examples of adventure tourism activities are rock climbing, skydiving, rafting, mountaineering, zip-lining, and paragliding.

Agrotourism

Agritourism, also known as agricultural tourism or farm tourism, is a subset of the rural tourism industryIt focuses on agricultural operations and involves tourism activities based on or around farms. It includes activities such as winery tours, horseback riding, clay pigeon shooting, petting animals, and historic agricultural exhibits.

Humanitarian Aid Tourism

Humanitarian aid tourism is a form of travel that focuses on charitable activity. It can take the form of helping those in need directly, for example by participating in a voluntary tourism program. It can also consist of the reservation of trips and excursions or the contribution of economic donations through organizations and tour operators that promote charitable tourism.

Alternative tourism

Alternative tourism is the term that encompasses several forms of niche tourism. It is considered the paradox of mass tourism. It often involves travel that is seen as personal and authentic and that encourages interaction with the local environment, people, and communities.

Many types of tourism are classified as ‘alternative’, such as volunteer tourism, sustainable tourism, community tourism, and medical tourism.

Ancient Tourism

Ancestral tourism, also known as genealogical tourism or roots tourism, is tourism that consists of traveling to destinations with which the tourist is connected by ancestral means. In parallel with the emergence of several organizations aimed at tracing a person’s family tree, this form of tourism has grown in recent years. Destinations such as Scotland, the United States, and Canada are popular destinations for ancestral tourism due to the magnitude of past immigration in these countries.

Animal Tourism

Animal tourism, or wildlife tourism, is one of the types of tourism focused on the observation and interaction with animals. It includes the observation of animals in their natural habitats, such as bird watching or a safari. More controversial is the one that includes animals kept in enclosures such as zoos or pet farms. Many forms of animal tourism, such as swimming with dolphins or riding elephants, have come under fire in recent years due to the growing awareness of these issues.

Astrotourism

Astrotourism is a branch of space tourism that focuses on astronomy. Astrotourism includes visiting facilities related to astronomy, such as observatories, astronomy museums, or astronomical tours and events.

Atomic Tourism or Nuclear Tourism

Atomic tourism or nuclear tourism is a new form of tourism that consists of visiting places that have been subject to atomic activity. This includes museums, bunkers, and power plants.

The most popular destinations are Chornobyl, the Nevada test site, and Hiroshima.

As people learn more about the nuclear industry, this is one of the types of tourism that has become more popular.

Babymoon

The baby honeymoon is a trip that takes place shortly before the birth of a child, usually in the second trimester. The ” babymoon ” is considered the last chance to relax and take a break before the baby’s arrival. Baby honeymoon is one of the types of tourism that has become very popular in the last decade and is very popular among those who live in the United Kingdom, Australia, and the United States of America. The most popular baby honeymoon destinations are those that aren’t too hot and those that don’t have mosquito-borne Zika and malaria viruses.

Backpacking Tourism

Backpacking tourism is essentially the act of traveling with a backpack. It is usually associated with budget, long-term, and independent travel, and is commonly taken by travelers in their twenties. However, the nature of backpacking has changed in recent years. While some tourists fit the typical description of young budget tourists on a gap year, older backpackers, backpacker families, and wealthy backpackers have emerged.

Beach Tourism

Beach tourism is one in which the physical landscape of the beach is a prominent element of the vacation. It usually encompasses traditional seaside vacations and tour packages that are popular in Europe. Beach tourism can include several activities and hospitality services, such as water sports, sailing, and fishing.

Begpacking

Begpacking is a combination of begging and backpacking. This term in travel and tourism literature is a relatively new phenomenon and is predominantly defined as a type of traveler who travels to a less developed country without the means to support themselves financially. Therefore, such tourists resort to begging in the hope that locals and other travelers will contribute to the financing of their trip.

Beneficial Tourism

It is called charity tourism when people travel to a destination to claim social benefits. Particularly prominent in the UK, with a large number of immigrants from the European Union and other countries, charity tourism has become a hot topic in the media and the average household. It was also an important part of the Brexit campaign.

Childbirth Tourism or Maternity Tourism

Among the types of tourism, there is childbirth tourism or maternity tourism, which is the act of traveling to another country to give birth. The intended result is that the child receives citizenship of the country in which she is born. Childbirth tourism tends to focus on developed countries, such as the United States, as people from less developed countries travel here in the belief that they can offer their child a better quality of life than in their home country.

Black Tourism or Thanatotourism

Black tourism, also known as thanatotourism, dark tourism, or grief tourism, is tourism that is associated with death or tragedy. The act of black tourism is somewhat controversial, with some considering it an act of respect and others an unethical practice. Among the most popular dark tourist attractions are Auschwitz, Chornobyl, and Ground Zero. Other lesser-known tourist attractions can be cemeteries, zombie-themed events, or historical museums.

Binge Tourism

Binge tourism is tourism that focuses on the act of consuming alcohol. Although it can include activities such as wine tasting or brewery tours, it is more commonly associated with booze cruise excursions. An alcohol cruise is a ship trip that involves significant consumption of alcohol on board. It can also include stops at bars, parties, and drinking games. Booze cruises are very popular in party destinations for 18-30 people, such as the Greek islands and areas of Spain like Magaluf or Ibiza.

Business tourism

Business tourism, or business travel, is essentially a form of travel involving business activities that take place away from home. The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) defines tourists as people who “travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes”, which makes business an important and integral sector of the tourism economy. Business tourism activities include attendance at meetings, congresses, exhibitions, incentive trips, and corporate hospitality.

Celebrity Tourism

Celebrity tourism is tourism in which celebrities are the main attraction. Tourists may try to visit a destination or tourist attraction because a famous person is there or has been there before. Many destination management organizations use celebrity tourism to promote a destination or attraction. Tourists may also try to visit places that are centered around a celebrity, even if the celebrity has never been there. Popular celebrity tourism destinations/activities include Hollywood, Cannes Film Festival, Harry Potter Studio, and Madam Tussauds.

Cemetery Tourism or Necrotourism

Cemetery tourism, also known as grave tourism or necrotourism, is the act of visiting graves for enjoyment. It is one of the types of tourism associated with black tourism, many tourists choose to visit the tombstones of famous people or cemeteries known for their unusual appearance or for the greatness of the tombstones they house. A tapophile, or tombstone tourist, maybe on a pilgrimage or looking to look at the stone and epitaphs. He may also enjoy rubbing the tombstones. The most popular cemeteries among tourists are the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem, the Recoleta Cemetery in Buenos Aires, and the Arlington National Cemetery in Washington.

Solidarity Tourism

Solidarity tourism, also called aid tourism, is a way of traveling that focuses on charitable activity. It can take the form of helping those in need directly, for example by participating in a voluntary tourism program. It may also involve the booking of trips and excursions or the provision of financial donations through organizations and tour operators that promote charitable tourism.

Christian Tourism

Christian tourism is a subsector of religious tourism. It is the largest segment of the religious tourism sector, which focuses on tourism involving religious practices or pilgrimages. Christian tourism activities include visiting destinations with meaning according to Christian beliefs, such as Bethlehem or Jerusalem. It can also include visiting monasteries, staying at Christian camps, taking fellowship vacations, mission trips, crusades, rallies, and retreats.

Cold war tourism

Cold War tourism is travel to places that were important during the Cold War or that educate tourists about it. This may include attractions such as bunkers, border crossings, prisons, or museums.

Communist Tourism

Communist tourism is a form of tourism that involves visiting places or areas associated with past and present communist regimes. A subset of black tourism, popular communism attractions include the Killing Fields in Cambodia, Mao’s Mausoleum in Beijing, and the Museum of Communism in Prague.

Community Tourism

Within the types of tourism, community tourism is a term used to describe vacations that benefit both the traveler and the destination. Community tourism is based on the premise of collective responsibility, which allows the local community to actively participate in the development and management of tourism in the area. It often involves rural, poor, and economically marginalized populations, where individuals have the opportunity to raise money through their work as land managers, entrepreneurs, product and service providers, and employees.

Congress Tourism

Conference tourism is when a person travels to participate in a conference. Conference tourism is often associated with business travel and is part of the MICE tourism sector.

Couchsurfing

Couchsurfing is based on the concept of hospitality, whereby tourists stay for free on a sofa, bed, or another sleeping area in someone’s home.

Couchsurfing is more than a means of finding accommodation; is a hospitality and social networking service that facilitates cultural exchange around the world. To do Couchsurfing, you have to register on the couchsurfing.com website.

Cruise Tourism

Cruise tourism refers to vacations based wholly or partially on a cruise ship. It allows tourists to experience a multi-centric vacation, in which they spend time in various destinations throughout their trip. Cruises range from small yachts to mega-ships and can take place on the ocean, rivers, or fjords. Cruise tourism is popular in the Caribbean, the Mediterranean, and the Arctic, among other destinations.

Gastronomic tourism

Food tourism, also known as culinary tourism, is the act of seeking out unique and memorable eating and drinking experiences. Considered as a subsector of cultural tourism, it allows the tourist to taste authentic local delicacies and participate in traditional gastronomic activities. These experiences are varied and can range from sipping vodka shots with your meal while traveling in Russia to attending a cooking class in northern Thailand.

Cultural tourism

Cultural tourism is the act of travelers visiting certain destinations to experience and learn about a particular culture. This can include many activities, such as attending events and festivals, visiting museums, and tasting local food and drink. In types of tourism, culture can also be an involuntary part of the tourist experience, in which cultural immersion (with the local people, their language, customs, cuisine, etc.) is an unavoidable part of a vacation. person.

Extreme Tourism

Extreme tourism is the act of traveling to a destination for extreme activities. This type of travel, an extension of adventure tourism, is often considered dangerous. Extreme tourism activities include base jumping off a cliff in Norway, bungee jumping off a volcano in Chile, and climbing Mount Hua in China.

Dental Tourism

Dental tourism, also known as a dental vacation, is the act of traveling to a destination to undergo dental treatment. It is a subset of the medical tourism industry.

Tourists often visit destinations where treatment is cheaper than in their country of origin. Among the most popular destinations for dental tourism are India, Thailand, Bulgaria, Turkey, and Vietnam.

Catastrophe Tourism

Disaster tourism is the act of visiting places that have been subject to one of the types of environmental catastrophes of human or natural origin. It is considered a subsector of black tourism. Disaster tourism destinations can be permanently popular with tourists, like Chornobyl, or they can be popular only after the disaster, like Kathmandu after the 2015 earthquake or New Orleans after the 2005 hurricane, and recently the island of Palma after the eruption volcanic.

National or Domestic Tourism

National or domestic tourism is the act of traveling for business or pleasure within one’s own country. According to the UNWTO, a person must be away from their usual place of residence for at least one night to be considered a national tour.

The most popular destinations for domestic tourism are the United States, India, and China.

Last Chance Tourism

Among the different types of tourism is last chance tourism, which consists of traveling to destinations that have been described as “doomed” to near extinction due to natural or human causes. Doomed tourist destinations include the Maldives, threatened by rising sea levels, the Dead Sea, which is rapidly shrinking, and Mount Kilimanjaro, where glaciers have shrunk by more than 80% in the last century.

Narcotourism or Drug Tourism

Narcotourism or drug tourism is the act of traveling to a specific destination for its ease of access to different types of illegal drugs that may be difficult to obtain or not available at home. Among the most popular destinations for drug tourism in Amsterdam, where cannabis is legally sold, Southeast Asia for recreational and party drugs, and many parts of South and Central America for cocaine.

Ecotourism

Ecotourism is a form of tourism aimed at preserving fragile environments and ecosystems. Ecotourism usually occurs in threatened natural environments, where the intention is conservation. Ecotourism efforts include building tourism facilities that have minimal impact on the natural environment and adopting the use of products such as composting toilets or solar-powered electricity. Ecotourism has become something of a “buzzword” in recent years and is closely related to the concept of sustainable tourism.

Educational Tourism

Educational tourism is tourism that involves a significant amount of learning. The scholars who coined the term define an educational tourist as a person who is away from their city or country of origin for one night, where education and learning are the main reason for their trip or where education and learning are reasons for their trip. secondary, but they are perceived as an important way of using leisure time. Educational tourism can involve organized learning, such as a course or obtaining a diving certificate. It can also involve consequential learning, where tourists are educated through their travel experiences and the activities they choose to do.

Enclave Tourism

Enclave tourism takes place in a reduced geographical space. Enclave tourism, normally facilitated by tour operators, allows tourists to live an all-inclusive experience within their vacation center or area. It usually includes food, drinks, and pre-arranged activities and excursions. Enclave tourism is criticized for its lack of economic contribution to host communities and is often associated with package holidays and cruises.

Wine tourism or wine tourism

Another type of tourism is wine tourism or wine tourism. It is tourism that focuses on wine. Includes wine appreciation, wine tasting, vineyard tours, and wine buying and selling.

Among the most popular wine tourism destinations are France, Spain, California, South Africa, and Italy, all known for producing good quality wines.

Ethical Tourism

Ethical tourism benefits people and the environment. It is closely aligned with the concepts of sustainable tourism and responsible tourism and is strongly advocated by several lobbyists and NGOs such as Tourism Concern.

Ethnic Tourism or Ethnotourism

Ethnic tourism is tourism that focuses on knowing and experiencing a specific ethnic group. Ethnic tourism is a form of cultural tourism. Ethnic tourism can involve a deep cultural experience, for example through volunteer work or homestay. You can also include a lighter cultural experience, such as seeing plays or visiting museums.

Experiential Tourism or Tourism of Emotions

Experiential tourism or emotion tourism derives from the concept of experiential learning, according to which a person learns and creates meaning through their experiences. This type of tourism focuses on immersion in a specific destination, its culture, its people, its customs, and its history. Experiential learning is often associated with cultural tourism and educational tourism and is popular with backpackers, students, and tourists seeking an in-depth, authentic travel experience.

Fashion Tourism or Fashionista Tourism

Fashion tourism or fashionista tourism is tourism that revolves around the concept of fashion. The most popular type of fashion tourism involves events such as Berlin Fashion Week or Pitti Immagine Uomo. Fashion tourism is also a branch of shopping tourism. In a broader sense, “insta-tourism or Instagram tourism” can also encompass notions of fashion tourism, especially when influencers work to promote certain clothes or accessories.

Fertility Tourism or Reproductive Tourism

Fertility tourism is an offshoot of another type of tourism, medical, whereby a person travels to a destination to receive fertility treatments. Fertility tourism often occurs when treatment can be found at an alternative location to a person’s home at a cheaper price or of higher quality. Fertility tourism has grown in popularity since the rise in private healthcare costs.

Film Tourism or Film Tourism

Film tourism, or cineturismo, is a subsector of the cultural tourism industry. It focuses on the concept of creating and producing movies, so tourists try to visit places that appear in movies or are recorded. Popular film-induced tourist destinations include The Beach in Thailand, Dubrovnik, and the North Island, featured in Game of Thrones, and Petra, famous for its use in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. Examples of movie sets include the Harry Potter studios in Hertfordshire, Universal Studios in California, and Pinewood Studios in London.

Flashpacking

Flashpacking is a pun on the term backpacking. It refers to traveling with a backpack, but not for an extended period, as is normally associated with backpacking.

However, a Flashpacker does not stick to a budget as a backpacker would. On the contrary, they are generally considered rich or have a significant disposable income that they are willing to spend during their travels.

Garden Tourism

Garden tourism is the act of visiting places important for gardening. It can include famous gardens, botanical gardens, and lesser-known gardens. It can also include garden events, such as flower shows or flower festivals, as well as garden museums.

Gay Tourism or LGBT Tourism

Gay tourism, also called LGBT tourism or pink tourism, is a form of tourism aimed at those who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender. It covers trips, events, and festivals aimed at an LGBT audience and “LGBT friendly” vacation packages. Although still a niche form of tourism, the notion of LGBT tourism is increasingly recognized by the mass market, with operators selling holidays to this market segment.

Genocide Tourism

Genocide tourism is one of the types of tourism encompassed within dark tourism. It is tourism focused on death and murder. Among the most popular places for genocide tourism in Cambodia, due to the Khmer Rouge regime, Vietnam, where tourists can learn about the Vietnam War, and Auschwitz, a famous German concentration camp.

Geotourism or Geological Tourism

Geotourism or geological tourism is tourism that maintains or improves the geographical characteristics of a destination. Geotourism adopts the principles of sustainable tourism, focusing on the synergy of the destination: it aims to bring together all the elements of the geographical features to create a satisfying and rewarding tourism product. Examples of geotourism can be locally managed holiday homes built with local products (eg stones) or the sale of local products to tourists.

Tourism Slum or Ghetto Tours

Slum tourism, also known as ghetto tours, consists of traveling to impoverished areas. During their visit, tourists are often spectators or donate their time to help people less fortunate than themselves. Ghetto tourism has been criticized by many as an unethical practice. It is common in many parts of the world, such as townships in South Africa, favelas in Brazil, and slums in India.

Glamping

Glamping is the abbreviation for the term “glamorous camping”. It refers to the act of camping with added amenities and resort-style products and services not associated with ordinary camping. Glamping has become popular in recent years and often includes the use of specialized equipment such as yurts or cabins. Among the most popular destinations for glamping are the United Kingdom, Norway, Spain, and the United States of America.

Halal Tourism

Halal tourism is tourism designed according to the needs of Islam. Popular with strict Muslims, halal resorts, hotels, and attractions serve only properly handled meat, do not serve alcohol, and have separate bath and spa facilities for men and women. Halal tourism is popular in Indonesia, Turkey, and Croatia, and is growing in various destinations around the world.

Health Tourism or Medical Tourism

Health tourism, also known as medical tourism or medical tourism, refers to the act of traveling to another destination to receive medical treatment. Motivations for medical tourists may include lower treatment costs or higher quality of care. Medical tourists can seek life-saving treatments not available in their country, cosmetic surgery or dental procedures, among other medical needs. The most popular destinations are India, Turkey, and Panama.

Bachelor Party Tourism

Bachelor party tourism is one of the types of tourism-related to marriage. Bachelor party tourism takes place for participating in a hen or bachelor party. Traditionally hosted by the maid of honor or best man, the event involves at least one night away from the participant’s usual place of residence. The destinations of the bachelor parties are usually areas with strong nightlife, such as Las Vegas, Ibiza, or London.

Historic Tourism

Historical tourism consists of visiting places of historical importance. Tourists often travel to these sites with the intention of learning and enjoying. Visiting historic areas or attractions may be only one part of a larger tourist experience.

Honeymoon tourism

Honeymoon tourism is the type of vacation that is taken soon after getting married. Newly married couples tend to spend much more money on a honeymoon than on a regular vacation, often choosing destinations known for their romantic character.

Among the most popular honeymoon destinations are the Maldives, Hawaii, and Bali.

Receptive Tourism or Receptive Tourism

Inbound tourism or inbound tourism is the act of a person traveling to a destination where they do not usually reside. Essentially, they arrive “in the country.”

Many destinations depend heavily on inbound tourism, for example, Spain, the Caribbean, or the Maldives. Receptive tourism is one of the most important types of tourism.

Industrial Tourism

Industrial tourism is one of the most unusual types of tourism, despite being very common. Industrial tourism is tourism that involves visiting a site of past or present industrial action.

Among the industrial points most visited by tourists are the tea plantations in Sri Lanka, the copper mines in Canada, and the Airbus factory in France. Sites that many people may consider ugly and polluting are now transformed or used for a dual purpose of tourism.

Instagram Tourism or Instatourism

Instagram tourism, or Instaturismo, is a new type of tourism that has emerged in response to the use of the social media platform, Instagram.

More than a billion people use Instagram each month, sharing images from around the world with their followers. While some types of Instagram users share content primarily with friends and family, others are paid “influencers” with thousands of followers.

Users are often inspired by the photos they see on the social network, which has led to an increase in tourism to the places that have appeared in these images, especially those shared by large-scale influencers.

International tourism

International tourism is the act of travelers crossing international borders for business or leisure purposes. International tourism has grown considerably in recent years due to rising disposable income and cheap airfares.

International tourism is more popular in Europe, where the countries are relatively close to each other than in larger countries like the United States of America, China, or India. International tourism is one of the most important types of tourism in the world.

Iron Curtain Tourism

Iron Curtain tourism is travel to places that were important during the Cold War or that educate tourists about it. The “iron curtain” was a term used by Winston Churchill to describe the fictional barrier separating the former Soviet bloc and the West before the decline of communism, which followed political events in Eastern Europe in 1989.

Iron curtain tourism includes visits to attractions such as bunkers, border crossings, prisons, or museums.

Jungle Tourism or Jungle Tourism

Jungle tourism or jungle tourism is essentially the one that takes place in the jungle. It can encompass a whole range of green and sustainable travel types, and in recent years many such resorts have opened in the Amazon rainforest, Rwanda, India, and Costa Rica to name a few.

Tourists also often do adventure activities during their stay in the jungle. Popular activities include zip-lining, jungle safaris, canoeing, and treetop walks.

Justice Tourism

Justice tourism is the act of traveling to improve the economic conditions of those who live in the destination.

Justice tourism focuses on positive cultural exchange between guest and host through one-on-one interaction, environmental protection, and political/historical education. Justice tourism has been heavily promoted in Palestine and Bosnia.

Kosher Tourism

Kosher tourism is tourism designed to meet the needs of Orthodox Jews. Meals are tailored to religious requirements and accommodations are within walking distance of Jewish synagogues.

Defamation Tourism

Libel tourism is the act of traveling to a destination that has favorable libel laws. First coined by Geoffrey Robertson, to describe seeking a forum for libel claims, libel tourism is generally associated with the UK, where the laws for suing a writer for alleged libel in a foreign jurisdiction are weaker than in other destinations, such as the United States.

Libel tourism is an example of one of the most controversial types of tourism.

Lighthouse Tourism

Lighthouse tourism is the one that includes visiting them. It may be to appreciate the panoramic views of the area or as a result of the development of lighthouse tourism, in which the lighthouse may have been refurbished to serve several tourist purposes, such as accommodation or museums.

Language Tourism

Language tourism involves learning a language. It can be part of a formal course or a broader cultural experience.

The most popular destinations for language learning include much of Spain and South America for Spanish, the UK for English, France for French, and Italy for Italian.

Literary Tourism

Literary tourism consists of traveling to places related to fictional texts or places associated with their authors. As a form of cultural tourism, literary tourists enjoy visiting destinations featured in books, former or current homes of authors, and tombstones.

Among the most popular destinations for literary tourism are Stratford Upon Avon, the home of Shakespeare, and Edinburgh, the home of JK Rowling.

Nautical Tourism

Nautical tourism is one of the types of tourism that involves the use of boats as part of a vacation experience. Includes vacations in which the tourist resides on a ship, such as a cruise or sailing trip.

It can also include vacations that include nautical events or activities, such as regattas, boat trips, or deep-sea fishing.

Mass Tourism or Mass Tourism

Mass tourism or mass tourism is the movement of a large number of people who decide to carry out their leisure activities in a given area.

Mass tourism destinations, commonly aligned with package tourism, tend to be associated with low-cost or budget vacations and have extreme peaks and dips depending on the season.

Mass tourism is often associated with negative connotations of environmental degradation, cultural erosion, and overpopulation. It is closely related to over-tourism. Mass tourism is another example of one of the types of tourism that are somewhat controversial.

Minimoon

A minimoon is a short getaway that takes place shortly after the wedding. A minimoon is usually held before a longer vacation or honeymoon, allowing couples to save money and spend time planning their trip.

The types of minimoon usually last between 2 and 4 days, and it is done close to home, so it is much cheaper than the honeymoon.

Mountain Tourism

Mountain tourism takes place in a mountainous region. It usually includes mountain-oriented activities, such as climbing, hiking, mountain biking, or skiing.

The most popular mountain ranges that host tourist activities are the Alps, the Himalayas, and the Andes.

Nature tourism

Nature tourism is one of the types of responsible tourism that focuses on natural spaces, environmental conservation, and leisure activities that have to do with nature.

Among the most popular nature tourism activities are bird watching, hiking, camping, and animal watching. Nature tourism is one of the most popular types of tourism, especially in rural areas.

Niche Tourism

Niche tourism is the opposite of mass tourism. It is tailored to meet the specific needs of consumers based on a particular niche of interest.

Generally small in scale, niche tourism sectors are diverse and numerous. Most of the types of tourism exposed in this article are niche types of tourism.

Nightlife Tourism

Nightlife tourism is one of the types of tourism that involves night activities. Nightlife tourism usually focuses on nightclubs or parties, but can also include night shows, concerts, performances, etc.

Nightlife tourists are known for their heavy consumption of alcohol and drugs. Some tour operators specialize in this type of vacation. Among the most popular destinations for nightlife are Ibiza, Las Vegas, and Kuta (Bali).

Orphanage Tourism

Orphanage tourism is the act of tourists helping to run orphanages. Tourists can volunteer their time or contribute physical and financial resources to the orphanage.

Orphanage tourism is more prominent in developing countries and there has recently been some negative publicity regarding the suitability of volunteers. Orphanage tourism is one of the most controversial types of tourism.

Outbound Tourism

Outbound tourism refers to the act of leaving the country of origin to visit a holiday destination abroad. Countries that are small or do not have a varied tourism offer tend to experience high levels of outbound tourism.

Outbound tourism is also popular in countries that are close to desirable vacation destinations abroad. Outbound tourism is one of the largest and most important types of tourism worldwide.

Overlanding

Overlanding is a form of tourism that involves long-distance travel with the use of off-road types of vehicles. It is generally associated with traveling the “road less traveled” and places an emphasis on the journey, rather than the destination.

Overlanding is very popular with adventurous travelers and among the most popular overloading destinations are many parts of Africa, Australia, and North America.

Overtourism

According to the definition by the World Tourism Organization, overtourism is “the impact of tourism on a destination, or parts of it, which excessively influences the perceived quality of life of citizens and/or the quality of experiences of visitors in a negative way.

Overtourism is the result of an increase in the number of tourists in a given area. Among the destinations that have suffered the consequences of excessive tourism are Maya Bay in Thailand, Barcelona, ​​Machu Picchu, and Mount Everest. In some cases, attempts have been made to reverse or mitigate the damage caused by tourism by restricting the number of tourists, increasing taxes, or closing attractions. Overtourism is one of the most criticized types of tourism in the world.

Organized Trip or Combined Trip

An organized trip or package trip refers to package holidays in which the individual components are combined and sold as a packaged product. Traditionally, these vacations are organized by a tour operator and include accommodation, transportation, and transfers.

However, today postmodern packages have increased, which include a variety of packaged components to meet the needs of niche forms of tourism, for example, a volunteer tourism package. There is also an increasing number of people choosing to organize their vacations through the use of dynamic packages.

Traditional package tourism is one of the few types of tourism that has declined in recent years, as consumers seek more alternative and niche experiences.

Philanthropic Tourism

Philanthropic tourism refers to the act of doing good through tourism. The concept of travel philanthropy has also become popular among individuals.

Travel philanthropy allows companies or individuals to undertake or promote charitable causes related to or during their travels. Philanthropic tourism is one of the types of tourism that has increased in popularity in recent years.

Photographic Tourism

Photo tourism is the act of visiting a specific destination to capture it on camera. This branch of special interest tourism is often associated with picturesque destinations that tourists want to photograph for their unique appearance, unusual images, or personal interests.

The scope of photography ranges from landscapes, works of art, cultural images, wildlife, food, and architecture. Photo tourism is one of the most fun types of tourism and helps to capture all those wonderful memories.

Pilgrimage Tourism

Pilgrimage tourism is a branch of religious tourism. It involves undertaking a pilgrimage that may be the sole purpose of a person’s journey or part of a larger vacation experience.

The most popular religious pilgrimages are Mecca in Saudi Arabia, Vatican City in Rome, and the Western Wall in Israel. Pilgrimage tourism is one of the few types of tourism that focus on religion.

Pleasure Tourism

Pleasure tourism refers to the sensation of pleasure. It is one of the types of tourism that focuses on the pursuit of happiness, satisfaction, and enjoyment, which is achieved through travel and tourism-based endeavors.

Leisure tourism can encompass most types of tourism.

Pokémon-Go Tourism

Pokémon-Go tourism came about in response to the augmented reality game’s release in 2016. Through a partnership with UNWTO, Niantic (the developer) helped promote global travel, whereby players would seek out characters in a series from locations around the world.

Although 2016 saw the explosion of this gaming phenomenon, its popularity has since declined, meaning it is one of the few types of tourism to see a significant decline in recent years.

Polar Tourism

Polar tourism refers to tourism that takes place in the Arctic and Antarctic regions. Generally, it focuses on the concept of preservation and sustainability.

This is one of the most controversial types of tourism because visiting the area usually has a significant environmental impact.

Postmodern Tourism

Postmodern tourism is one of the types of tourism that represents new or emerging tourism activities and behaviors as opposed to traditional ones.

Postmodern tourism is often associated with emerging destinations and developing types of tourism.

Tourism Oriented to the Poor

Tourism for the poor is not a sector of the tourism industry per se, but rather a focus of it. Pro-poor tourism is intended to provide net benefits to the poor.

These benefits can be economic, social, or environmental and can be achieved through several means such as participating in charity tourism or purchasing a package tour through a charity operator. Poor-oriented tourism is one of the types of tourism associated with sustainability.

Recreational Tourism

Recreational tourism is tourism whose ultimate goal is recreation. This broad term can be applied to most forms of tourism that have leisure and entertainment as their core.

Recreational tourism encompasses a wide spectrum of activities, from spectating a sporting event to taking cooking classes or hiking. Leisure is at the core of most tourism classes.

Red Tourism

Red tourism is an important part of the Chinese tourism industry that focuses on places with historical importance to Chinese communism. According to Chinese government records, an average of more than 800 million red tourism trips are made every year.

Popular red tourism destinations include Yan’an, Shaoshan, Nanchang, Jinggang Mountain, and Zunyi. Red tourism is one of the best examples of types of tourism that have grown steadily in recent years.

Religious tourism

Religious tourism, also known as faith tourism, refers to the act of traveling for religious pilgrimage, missionary, or interest purposes.

Religious tourism, a branch of cultural tourism, was some of the earliest forms of tourism. Not all religious tourists conform to the religious beliefs or practices of the attractions/destinations they visit, which can lead to conflicts between visitors and worshipers. Among the most popular destinations for religious tourism are Israel, Mecca, and Varanassi.

Reproductive Tourism

Reproductive tourism, also known as fertility tourism, is one of the types of tourism in the branch of medical tourism, whereby a person travels to a destination to receive fertility treatments.

Reproductive tourism usually occurs when treatment can be found in an alternative place to the person’s home at a cheaper price or of higher quality.

Responsible tourism

Responsible tourism is one of the most important types of tourism. Responsible tourism is the one that is carried out, as its name suggests, in a responsible way.

It is closely related to sustainable tourism and takes into account any environmental, social, and economic impact, minimizing it as much as possible.

Romantic Tourism

Romance tourism is associated with vacations that facilitate the cultivation of emotional and physical relationships between tourists and members of the host community.

It can also be incorporated into several types of tourism, such as a honeymoon or babymoon tourism. However, romance tourism is often associated with notions such as “mail-order bride” or “Thai bride” and varying degrees of sex tourism. Among the most popular destinations for romantic tourism are Thailand and Gambia.

Rural tourism

According to the World Tourism Organization, rural tourism is “a type of tourism activity in which the visitor experience is related to a wide range of products generally linked to activities based on nature, agriculture, lifestyle/ rural culture, fishing and tourist visits”.

Rural tourism takes place in non-urban areas, such as national parks, forests, or mountain areas. Among the most popular rural tourism activities are cycling, hiking, and backpacking. Rural tourism is one of the few types of tourism that recovered quickly during the pandemic and its popularity is set to continue.

Safari tourism

Safari tourism is a type of wildlife expedition. Traditionally, tourists sought to hunt wild animals, but today the focus is on observation and photography. Safaris are most common in Africa, although they can be found all over the world.

Safari holidays are often priced high, attracting those with a moderate to high disposable income. It is one of the most popular types of tourism among wealthy travelers, as trips are often (although not always) highly-priced.

Self-Guided Tourism

Self-guided tourism is the one that organizes and facilitates the tourist. Through their research and the use of maps, tours, and self-guided instructions, the tourist is in sole control of their travel itinerary.

Sex tourism

Sex tourism consists of traveling to a specific destination to seek sexual services. Sex tourism is often associated with prostitution, although the sex tourism industry also encompasses ‘mail-order brides’, sex shows, and sexual slavery.

Sex tourism is illegal in many countries. The most popular destinations for sex tourism are Amsterdam, Thailand, and Gambia. Sex tourism is one of the most controversial types of tourism.

Shark Tourism

Shark tourism is a form of tourism that, as the name suggests, involves sharks. It tends to focus on shark conservation and is often seen as a form of ecotourism.

Among the most popular activities are boat trips to areas where sharks can be seen, either from the deck or from inside a cage that is lowered underwater, known as shark cage diving. Shark tourism can also be part of a volunteer tourism project.

Shopping Tourism

Shopping tourism is the art of shopping during travel or a person’s free time while on vacation. It can range from shopping in duty-free shops at the airport, through flea markets, to shopping in large shopping malls.

Shopping tourism may be the sole purpose of a person’s trip or it may be just one component. In some parts of the world, it may include haggling for the best price, while in others the prize may go only to the highest bidder, for example at auction.

This is an example of one of the types of tourism that are popular in destinations with low prices or specific goods for sale, such as custom-made dresses in Hoi An or fake goods in Shanghai markets.

Slow Tourism

Slow tourism is based on the concept of speed. It consists of traveling for a prolonged period at a slow pace, which allows the tourist to live a deep, authentic and cultural experience.

As a form of alternative tourism, slow travel is usually associated with sustainable practices, taking into account the impact of travel on the environment, society, and the economy.

Slow tourism can be done in any destination, but it is especially popular among traditional backpacker routes in destinations such as Southeast Asia, Central America, or Australia. Slow tourism is one of the types of tourism that has been growing in popularity in recent years.

Smart Tourism

Smart tourism is one of the fastest-growing types of tourism. Smart tourism is defined based on the technological capabilities of a given destination, attraction, or the tourist himself.

Many destinations are modernizing to include greater use of smart technology in their operations, from payment methods to interactive activities. One of the destinations at the forefront of the smart tourism industry in China, where tourists can use their phones to perform simple tasks such as paying for taxis, ordering meals, checking wait times, and reading information about the attraction they are visiting. via a supplied QR code.

Spacial tourism

Space tourism is a type of tourism that involves an interest in space. Space tourism (as in space travel) is one of the most innovative types of tourism and many wonders if it will ever come to fruition.

Space tourism can also include visiting space-focused museums, watching rocket launches, or traveling to popular stargazing destinations. Lately, a lot of commercial attention has been given to the concept of traveling to space as a tourist; it is something that several companies are working towards shortly, such as Virgin Galactic and SpaceX.

Special Interest Tourism

Special interest tourism is another type of tourism that is becoming increasingly popular. Special interest tourism is the offer of tourist activities focused on a particular interest.

Most forms of special interest tourism are also forms of niche tourism. A paradox of mass tourism, special interest markets offer a wide range of activities, from art to golf to dancing.

Sports Tourism

Sports tourism can be classified into four segments. Sporting event tourism is the act of attending or viewing major sporting events such as the Olympic Games or the Soccer World Cup.

Nostalgia sports tourism is the act of visiting attractions of particular sporting significance, such as the Calgary Olympic Park. Active sports tourism is when a tourist travels to perform a specific physical activity, such as yoga, golf, or surfing.

Passive sports tourism is when a tourist travels to be a spectator, for example, to watch a tennis match at the Wimbledon Championships or to watch a Real Madrid football match. Sports tourism is one of the largest types of tourism in the world.

Suicide tourism

Suicide tourism is the act of traveling to a destination to commit suicide. Also known as euthanasia tourism, several suicide tourism destinations have become popular due to the lack of legalization in this area, such as Mexico, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and Cambodia.

In these destinations, it is common for a person to commit suicide in an assisted manner. Suicide tourism also extends to those who decide to commit suicide less officially. Among the most frequented places in the Aokigahara Forest in Japan, are the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, and Beachy Head in England. Suicide tourism is one of the most controversial types of tourism out there.

Sustainable tourism

Sustainable tourism, like responsible tourism, is based on the premise of caring for the environment, society, and the economy. The principles of sustainable tourism aim to minimize the negative impacts of tourism and maximize the positive ones.

As defined in the Bruntland Report, sustainable tourism is “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” Sustainable tourism is one of the most important types of tourism, if not the most important there is.

Tourism TEFL

TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language) tourism is the act of traveling to teach English as a foreign language as part of a broader tourism experience. A TEFL tourist can be defined as “a person who travels outside their usual environment to teach English as a foreign language, whose role switches between tourist, educator, and educated at various points in their journey”.

Among the most popular destinations for TEFL tourism are China, Thailand, Costa Rica, and Mexico. TEFL tourism is one of the types of tourism that many people are unaware of, but it is certainly a sizeable industry.

Tolkien or Tolkien Tourism

Tolkien or Tolkien tourism is a branch of film and literary tourism that focuses on the fictional stories of The Lord of the Rings.

Tolkien’s tourism, especially important in New Zealand, consists of traveling to areas that appear in the films or that have a special meaning. Tolkien’s tourism is one of the lesser-known.

Township Tourism

Township tourism is a type of slum tourism in South Africa. The townships (suburban areas designated for the occupation of blacks by apartheid legislation) are visited on excursions organized by local tour operators.

They can also be the basis for voluntary tourism projects that provide a pro-poor form of tourism in the area. Township tourism is another quite controversial type of tourism.

Urban Tourism

Urban tourism refers to the notion of carrying out tourist activities in a built-up or urban area. Among the most popular urban tourist activities are the visit to monuments, the observation of architecture, and the use of cultural services such as museums, local hospitality, and entertainment.

Urban tourism is the paradox of rural tourism. Urban tourism is one of the most popular types of tourism.

Vegan Tourism

Vegan tourism is tourism designed to meet the needs of vegans. Increasingly popular, several tour providers designed specifically to meet the needs of vegan tourists have begun to emerge.

This includes hotels, tour operators, and event planners.

Town Tourism

Village tourism consists of traveling to a village on an organized excursion or as part of an independent trip. It is often included in a rural tourism holiday since most of the towns are located in rural areas.

This type of tourism is very popular in Asia, where many tour groups visit local villages to learn about their culture and traditional way of life.

Visiting Friends and Family (VFR)

Visiting friends and relatives, also known as VFR (visiting friends and relatives) for its acronym in English, is a popular form of tourism around the world.

VFR constitutes the act of traveling home or to friends and family or a place of mutual convenience. VFR is especially popular in areas of high immigration, such as Pakistan, Mexico, and Poland.

Virtual Tourism

Virtual tourism is the act of using technology to simulate a tourist destination and its characteristics. Although virtual tourism is unlikely to replace physical visits to a destination, it has been used as a powerful marketing tool.

It is also used to improve the user experience at various attractions. Virtual tourism usually consists of film and image sequences, although it can also include 3D and sensory experiences.

Voluntourism or Volunteer Tourism

Voluntourism or volunteer tourism is a type of tourism in which a person travels abroad to a destination considered predominantly “underdeveloped” or “developing” to offer their support to those in need.

According to the founder of the concept, a volunteer tourist takes vacations that may involve aiding or alleviating material poverty for some groups in society, restoring certain environments, or investigating aspects of society or the environment.

War Tourism

War tourism is travel for recreational purposes to former or current war zones. The recent trend to visit conflict zones has influenced the rise of various travel companies specializing in sending packaged tourists to destinations such as Syria, Somalia, Iraq, and Israel.

Some describe this type of tourism as a form of daring, dangerous, or extreme tourism.

Aquatic Tourism

Aquatic tourism is tourism that involves the use of natural or artificial aquatic spaces. It is associated with leisure activities that involve water, such as fishing, swimming, or water sports.

Wellness Tourism

Wellness tourism, a branch of health tourism, is the act of traveling to achieve physical or psychological well-being. The wellness travel industry has seen exponential growth in recent years, with a significant rise in holidays that incorporate a recovery element.

Popular destinations for wellness tourism include Iceland for spa getaways, India for Ayurveda treatments, and Bali for yoga retreats.

Winter tourism

Winter tourism consists of leisure activities that take place in cold climates. Winter tourism takes place at different times of the year, depending on where you are in the world.

Typical winter activities include skiing and snowboarding, sledding, wildlife viewing, and ice fishing.

WWOOFING

WWOOF stands for worldwide opportunities on organic farms. This is a form of home stay tourism, in which the tourist works on the farm in exchange for a free pension.

WWOOFING has grown as an industry in recent years and is particularly popular in Australia, where many international tourists do farm work to extend the duration of their holiday visas.

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  • Types of Tourism

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