What you should know before requesting a loan from the bank: mistakes to avoid, requirements, and tips

What you should know before requesting a loan from the bank: mistakes to avoid, requirements, and tips
Bank loans are a very important financing alternative in our society, both on a personal and business level.

Among the benefits offered by this type of loan, we can highlight access to financing to cover different types of needs, flexibility in terms of credit products and conditions, competitive interest rates, and the possibility of paying in monthly installments. In addition, a responsibly managed bank loan can help you improve your credit history and open the doors to future credits in better conditions. Finally, in some cases, applicants have the opportunity to negotiate specific loan terms with the bank, allowing the credit to be further tailored to their needs and financial situation.


Despite the benefits mentioned, it is important to be very responsible and aware when taking a loan with a bank, otherwise, we could end up in serious financial problems.

Next, we will review the most common mistakes that people and entrepreneurs make when applying for a bank loan, what requirements must be met to obtain a loan, and, in the end, we will present some useful tips to make the most of this form of financing.

Let’s get started!


What are the most common mistakes when requesting a loan from the bank?

Many people have a negative perception of bank loans because they had a bad experience or problems in a specific case, but the vast majority of these problems were the result of making basic mistakes due to misinformation or being too eager to obtain the money. Let’s see what are the most common mistakes that are usually made when applying for a loan:

  • Take the first option that they offer you: If you do not take the time to consult the different options available in the market and compare them, you could end up choosing a loan with very high-interest rates or less favorable conditions for you.


  • Overestimate your ability to pay: It is essential to take into account your current and future economic situation before applying for a loan. If you ask for more than you can afford, you will end up facing serious financial problems and could even fall into excessive debt.
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  • Not reading the terms of the contract: Sometimes, people sign the loan contract without reading it carefully. This can result in ignorance of important conditions, penalties, and clauses, which can lead to problems in the future.


  • Signing with guarantors without informing them: If you need a guarantee for your loan, it is essential to inform the person who supports you about their responsibilities as a guarantor. Not doing so can lead to misunderstandings and tensions in the relationship.


  • Not considering the Total Annual Cost (TAC): The TAC is an indicator that includes the interest rate, commissions, and other costs associated with the loan. When comparing loans, it’s important to consider the TAC rather than just the interest rate, as it will give you a better idea of ​​the true cost of credit.


  • Borrowing for unnecessary expenses: Using personal loans to finance unnecessary expenses or luxuries can lead to financial problems. Make sure you use the loans for real needs and not to fuel an unsustainable lifestyle.


  • Not knowing the impact on credit history: Not being aware of how the loan will affect your credit history is another common mistake. Missing payments or applying for multiple loans at the same time can damage your credit history and limit your credit options in the future.


  • Do not ask about prepayment options: Many people are unaware that, in some cases, they can make prepayments to reduce the term of the loan and, therefore, the interest. Not asking about this option can lead you to pay more interest than necessary.

To avoid these mistakes when applying for a loan, it is essential to inform yourself, evaluate your needs and financial situation, and make responsible decisions. By doing so, you will increase your chances of getting a loan that is right for you and managing it effectively.

What requirements must I meet to request a loan from the bank?

Since you are aware of the mistakes to avoid, let’s review what are the Requirements to request a loan; but first, it is important to clarify that these requirements are general and may vary from one bank to another, therefore, we recommend that you investigate the different options offered by each financial institution to find the one that best suits your needs. Now yes, let’s go with the requirements!

  • Official identification: To request a loan, the first thing that is needed is to present official identification with a photograph, such as the NID, passport, or professional license. This document is essential for the bank to confirm your identity.
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  • Proof of income: Banks want to make sure that you will have the ability to pay the credit, so they will ask you for proof of income. This can be a payroll receipt, tax return, or bank statement, among others. If you are an independent worker, you can also present the documents that support your income.


  • Proof of address: Another common requirement is to present a recent proof of address, such as an electricity, water, or telephone bill. This document allows the bank to confirm your place of residence and ensure that you have a fixed address.


  • Credit history: A good credit history is key to obtaining a loan, as it shows the bank that you are a responsible customer with the ability to pay. Therefore, you must stay on top of your debts and make sure you maintain good financial behavior.


  • Age: In general, to apply for a personal loan you must be over 18 years of age, although some banks may have higher age limits. Be sure to check with the financial institution if you have the necessary age.


  • Nationality or residence: Some banks only grant loans to citizens of the country or foreigners with legal residence. Check if you meet this requirement before starting the process.

The more organized you are with your documentation and your finances, the better chances you will have of obtaining your loan.

What advice should we take into account when requesting a loan from the bank?

If you want to succeed with managing your loan and avoid financial problems, here are some useful tips to keep in mind:

  • Compare various options: Before deciding on a bank or credit product, research and compare the different offers on the market. Be sure to pay attention to interest rates, fees, payment terms, and requirements.


  • Read the loan conditions: It is essential to read the loan contract carefully before signing it. We know sometimes it’s lazy to read those long documents, but this way you’ll be aware of all the conditions, including prepayments, penalties for non-compliance, and other important details.


  • Request only what is necessary: ​​When applying for a loan, request only the amount that you need. Asking for a larger amount can lead you to borrow more than necessary and hinder your ability to pay in the future.
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  • Have a payment plan: Before applying for the loan, make sure you have a realistic payment plan that allows you to meet your obligations without difficulty. Consider your income, expenses, and ability to save when making your plan.


  • Maintain a good credit history: A good credit history will allow you to access loans with better conditions and lower interest rates. Make sure you pay your debts on time and don’t overuse your credit cards.


  • Consider alternatives: The bank is not always the only option to obtain a loan. You can explore other alternatives such as credit unions, loans between individuals, or even government support.


  • Consult with a financial advisor: If you have doubts or insecurities about which loan to choose or how to manage it, do not hesitate to consult with a financial advisor. These professionals can guide you and give you advice appropriate to your financial situation.


  • Do not apply for several loans at the same time: Avoid applying for loans at different financial institutions at the same time, as this could negatively affect your credit history and decrease your chances of being approved.


  • Check if you have insurance: Some loans include life or unemployment insurance, which covers payments in the event of death or loss of employment. Make sure you know the conditions of these insurances and their cost before hiring the loan. Also, keep in mind that you can negotiate insurance with another entity to reduce the cost of credit.

By following these tips, you will be more prepared to make an informed and responsible decision when applying for a loan from the bank.


Applying for a bank loan is an important decision that can provide numerous benefits, such as accessing financing for various purposes, obtaining flexible conditions, and enjoying competitive interest rates. However, it is also essential to be aware of the common mistakes and risks associated with applying for loans.

To make the most of a bank loan and avoid financial problems, it is crucial to inform yourself, compare options, read and understand the conditions of the contract, and manage credit responsibly. In addition, it is essential to take into account your needs, financial situation, and ability to pay when applying for and managing a loan, to ensure a solid and stable financial future.


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